U.S. Air Force photo/Tech. Sgt. Shane A. Cuomo
1943: After a successful American air raid on the Japanese-occupied Wake Island in the North Pacific Ocean, 98 American civilian contractors being held as POWs are taken by Japanese forces to the northern end of the island, blindfolded, and machine-gunned. One prisoner escaped, carving the message "98 US PW 5-10-43" on a large coral rock near where the victims had been hastily buried in a mass grave. This unidentified American was soon recaptured and beheaded. The remains of the murdered civilians were later exhumed and reburied at the National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific in Honolulu.