Running updates from the Zimmerman trial
HLN, CNN's sister network, is covering the George Zimmerman trial, gavel to gavel. Zimmerman is charged with second-degree murder in the death of 17-year-old Trayvon Martin on February 26, 2012. Here is testimony from Friday:
[Updated at 5:45 p.m.]
The judge has dismissed jurors for the weekend. Testimony will resume on Monday at 9 a.m. ET.
[Updated at 5:40 p.m.]
The attorneys are at a sidebar conference
[Updated at 5:35 p.m.]
Prosecutor de la Rionda: "All you saw in your examination was two lacerations, correct?" "That's all I noted," says Folgate. She says she can't remember if she saw swelling but didn't note it.
[Updated at 5:27 p.m.]
Folgate says she wanted Zimmerman to get a consult with an ENT -- Ear, Nose, Throat Specialist. She also told him he should see a psychologist.
[Updated at 5:22 p.m.]
Defense attorney O'Mara asks, "If the complaint was that the head was hit on concrete, would you find that consistent with the injuries you see?" Folgate: "I would."
[Updated at 5:15 p.m. ET]
Injuries seen on Zimmerman's temple could be consistence with his head being hit against concrete, according to Folgate.
[Updated at 5:05 p.m. ET]
Defense attorney O'Mara shows a photo of Zimmerman with a bloody nose to Folgate, taken the night of the shooting. She says the swelling seems to be greater in the photo than when she saw him. She explains how the body deals with injury and swelling.
[Updated at 4:56 p.m. ET]
Folgate gave Zimmerman an anti-inflammatory medication for pain he was having in a joint that she says is in the center of the buttocks. She couldn't say definitively one way or another whether his nose was broken because she didn't have x-rays. But clinically speaking, she says it appeared broken.
[Updated at 4:47 p.m. ET]
Folgate says she reviewed Zimmerman's systems: No headache, change in visual acuity, slurred speech, dizziness or problems walking. "Admits to occasional nausea when thinking of the violence last night," according to the records. Denies numbness, tingling or incontinence. Zimmerman says he has nose pain but not hearing loss or ringing in the hears. Admitted having scalp lacerations and head trauma. Folgate says Zimmerman told her he was involved in an altercation and was pushed to the ground. "His head was hit into the pavement multiple times," said Folgate. He was complaining of nose pain.
[Updated at 4:41 p.m. ET
According to the form Folgate reads, "Patient is here for a return note for work. Patient was in fight on February 26, 2012. Patient was punched in nose and has two lacerations on the back of head. 911 was called and EMT said patient's nose is broken." She also testifies that a medical form from a visit in 2011 indicated Zimmerman was "involved in mixed martial arts, three days per week."
[Updated at 4:35 p.m. ET]
Folgate obtained a history from Zimmerman in 2011. Folgate reads part of the form: "Difficulty with falling and maintaining sleep. Started to exercise intensely ... but this has not helped."
[Updated at 3:54 p.m. ET]
The prosecution calls Lindzee Folgate to the witness stand. She's a physician assistant. She explains to the jury how she's different from a nurse or a doctor.
[Updated at 3:50 p.m. ET]
Under cross examination, Officer Smith said after Zimmerman was treated by paramedics, he was transported to the stateion. Zimmerman complained of feeling light-headed. Zimmerman was cooperative as he was taken into custody and as he was being walked to the patrol car, Zimmerman said, "I was yelling for help ..."
[Updated at 3:03 p.m. ET]
Smith testifies that he responded to a dispatch for a suspicious person and received report of "shots fired" while en route. He went through the security gate and arrived at the scene where it was dark and raining. He saw two people standing and one down on the ground. Zimmerman told the officer he was still armed, he turned his gun over and was handcuffed and placed in the rear of the patrol car while Ayala attended to Martin. In testimony, Smith identifies the gun used in the shooting.
[Updated at 2:39 p.m. ET]
Sanford Police Officer Timothy Smith is called to the stand.
[Updated at 2:38 p.m. ET]
On cross examination, Livingston says there were two other paramedics at the scene. One of them, who Livingston identified as Kevin O'Rourke, treated Zimmerman, whose nose was swollen. There was an abrasion on the left forehead. There was blood from inside the nose indicative of a nose injury. Zimmerman said he was dizzy but was able to stand on his own.
[Updated at 2:25 p.m. ET]
Prosecutor Guy has wrapped his direct examination. Now, defense attorney O'Mara is starting his cross-examination.
[Updated at 2:24 p.m. ET]
Zimmerman was also treated by Livingston.
"He had a very swollen, bleeding nose. He had lacerations to the back of his head," said Livingston. "We just tried to clean up his injuries so we could see them better."
She also saw two cuts on the back of his head, each approximately an inch long. They also cleaned up the cuts.
[Updated at 2:20 p.m. ET]
Livingston removed a can from Martin's sweatshirt. She also heard a small bag that made a "crinkling noise" but didn't move it. She saw a gunshot wound in his chest.
"We put on a cardiac monitor to access the heart rhythm. It was determined by the lead paramedic on the scene that the rhythm was incompatible with life," said Livingston.
Martin was pronounced dead at 7:30 p.m. Her unit didn't transport his body.
[Updated at 2:16 p.m. ET]
Livingston's unit was dispatched at 7:21 p.m. ET. She arrived about six minutes later and checked Martin for a pulse on his neck.
[Updated at 2:14 p.m. ET]
The prosecution has called Stacey Livingston to the witness stand. She's an EMT and firefighter for the Sanford Fire Department.
[Updated at 2:11 p.m. ET]
Zimmerman was compliant, according to Ayala, and he didn't disobey in any form. O'Mara has finished his direct examination. The witness has been excused.
[Updated at 2:08 p.m. ET]
Ayala says he arrived so quickly on scene that the other officer still had Zimmerman at gunpoint. He says this is protocol if shots have been fired.
[Updated at 2:06 p.m. ET]
Prosecutor Guy has concluded his direct examination. Now defense attorney O'Mara has started his direct examination.
[Updated at 2:05 p.m. ET]
"At any time, did you see any signs of life from Trayvon Martin's body?" asked prosecutor John Guy.
"No, sir," said Ayala.
He was performing chest compressions. Eventually, he says, emergency personal arrived and pronounced Martin dead on the scene.
[Updated at 2:04 p.m. ET]
Ayala worked with another officer to roll Martin's body over.
"Underneath -- he had a pin or button -- it was underneath the button," said Ayala about the gunshot wound.
Ayala and another officer started CPR on Martin.
[Updated at 2:02 p.m. ET]
Ayala says he was the first officer to approach Martin, who was face-down with his hand beneath him.
"I asked to see his hands," said Ayala. Martin didn't respond physically or verbally to his commands. He didn't see any movement or hear any sounds from the body.
[Updated at 1:59 p.m. ET]
The prosecution has called Ricardo Ayala, a police officer with the Sanford Police Department, to the witness stand. He responded to the shooting that night. He demonstrates on a map where he entered the neighborhood and where he parked.
[Updated at 1:55 p.m. ET]
The defense has no more questions, and Manalo is being excused.
[Updated at 1:54 p.m. ET]
Manalo says he didn't see the actual shooting take place and can't say if it's self-defense. The prosecutor has finished his redirect examination.
[Updated at 1:53 p.m. ET]
The prosecutor again asks about Zimmerman's demeanor.
"Coherent, compliant -- he wasn't ... he was calm. He was staggering a little bit," said Manalo.
[Updated at 1:52 p.m. ET]
Defense attorney West has wrapped his cross-examination. Prosecutor de la Rionda is now asking more questions.
[Updated at 1:49 p.m. ET]
A flashlight next to Martin's body caught Manalo's eye, so he took a photo of that as well, which is being displayed again in court. Manalo describes where he was standing when he took the photos.
[Updated at 1:46 p.m. ET]
Defense attorney West pulls up the photo Manalo took of Martin's body. Manalo says the body position is how he saw it when he arrived -- Martin face-down on the ground. He says he used a flashlight to illuminate the scene.
[Updated at 1:43 p.m. ET]
Manalo says the neighborhood watch signs were a reminder for neighbors to work together and call 911 if they saw anything. He didn't view them as a warning to outsiders coming into the neighborhood.
[Updated at 1:40 p.m. ET]
Manalo says Zimmerman wasn't hyperactive or subdued, extremes he would associate with someone being in shock. He agrees that Zimmerman was flat, direct.
[Updated at 1:39 p.m. ET]
West is asking if Zimmerman seemed to be abrupt, telling him to tell his wife that he wasn't shot but he had shot someone else. Manalo agrees.
[Updated at 1:37 p.m. ET]
Manalo says Zimmerman told police he was the shooter and he also immediately complied with the officer who wanted to take his gun.
[Updated at 1:35 p.m. ET]
West asks Manalo if Zimmerman told him, "This guy was beating me up, and I shot him."
"I was defending myself and I shot him," added Manalo.
Zimmerman never asked him to take a photo of his head. Manalo says he decided to do it himself.
[Updated at 1:34 p.m. ET]
Manalo says Zimmerman asked if he was bleeding. He saw Zimmerman squat down.
"He was breathing hard, he looked like he had just gotten his butt beat," said West.
"Yes," said Manalo.
[Updated at 1:30 p.m. ET]
Defense attorney West has started his cross-examination. Manalo says he didn't see what happened before the shot. He describes how he left his house -- walking carefully, not running.
[Updated at 1:27 p.m. ET]
"He wasn't acting like anything different. He was coherent, he was responding to my questions just like any other person," said Manalo. He also says Zimmerman never looked back at Martin's body and he appeared calm.
Prosecutor de la Rionda has finished his direct examination.
[Updated at 1:26 p.m. ET]
When Manalo connected with Zimmerman's wife and started telling her what happened, he says Zimmerman cut him off, saying, "Just tell her I shot someone."
The prosecutor asks Manalo about Zimmerman's demeanor. He describes it, "Like I was taking too long to say what I had to say."
[Updated at 1:23 p.m. ET]
An officer on the scene told Martin he was going to put Zimmerman in handcuffs, according to Manalo. The officer also asked Zimmerman if he had a gun and he said yes and lifted his arm, showing him the gun, which was in his waistband holster.
Zimmerman asked Manalo to call his wife, which he did on his own phone. He says he put Zimmerman's phone back in his pocket.
[Updated at 1:20 p.m. ET]
The flashlight wasn't turned on, according to Manalo and Martin wasn't moving. The prosecutor asks him what he said to Zimmerman.
"I asked him, 'Do I need to call 911?' He says, 'No, I just got off the phone with them,' " said Manalo.
[Updated at 1:17 p.m. ET]
Zimmerman was squatting when Manalo took the picture of the back of his head. This happened before police arrived. Manalo says Martin's hands were beneath his body when he snapped the picture and he didn't tamper with the body. Manalo also took a photo of a flashlight on the scene.
[Updated at 1:15 p.m. ET]
Manalo says he was the first one to come into contact with Zimmerman after the shooting -- police arrived later.
[Updated at 1:13 p.m. ET]
Prosecutor de la Rionda points out on a map and in photos where Manalo met up with Zimmerman that night.
[Updated at 1:11 p.m. ET]
Manalo says he used a flashlight to illuminate the scene. He took a photo of Zimmerman and Martin's body on the ground.
[Updated at 1:10 p.m. ET]
Manalo says he left through his garage with a flashlight. He saw a man, whom he can now identify as Zimmerman, who had a cell phone up to his ear, and he could see blood on Zimmerman's nose and the back of his head.
[Updated at 1:07 p.m. ET]
The prosecution has called Jonathan Manalo to the witness stand. His wife, Jeannee, testified earlier in the trial. The couple lived in Zimmerman's neighborhood the night Martin was shot. He heard a noise that night while building a coffee table with his daughter.
"It sounded like grunts. We thought at first it was a couple of dogs barking," Manalo said. "They were loud enough that I could hear it through the window."
[Updated at 1:02 p.m. ET]
The jury is being seated.
[Updated at 12:59 p.m. ET]
The judge is back on the bench. The attorneys are at a sidebar.
[Updated at 11:29 a.m. ET]
Judge Debra Nelson has recessed court for lunch. The live blog will pick back up when testimony resumes at 1 p.m. ET.
[Updated at 11:28 a.m. ET]
O'Mara asked, "Do you stand by that today and what you saw was a 'ground-and-pound' event?"
"It looked like that position was a 'ground-and-pound'-type position, but I couldn't tell 100% that there was actually fists hitting faces," said Good.
[Updated at 11:23 a.m. ET]
Good said that no matter what statement he gave police, he has always said the person wearing red (Zimmerman was wearing a similar color) was on the bottom.
[Updated at 11:22 a.m. ET]
O'Mara asked Good that if his story has changed slightly, does it mean he lied. Good said no, it doesn't mean he lied.
[Updated at 11:20 a.m. ET]
Good gave four to five statements to police about what happened the night of the shooting.
[Updated at 11:15 a.m. ET]
The attorneys are at a sidebar with the judge.
[Updated at 11:14 a.m. ET]
O'Mara is now asking Good questions.
[Updated at 11:12 a.m. ET]
De La Rionda showed Good a picture of Martin's body lying face-down. Good confirmed that the picture represents how he saw the body that night.
[Updated at 11:09 a.m. ET]
Good said that based on common sense, it seems that the person on the bottom was trying to get up.
[Updated at 11:06 a.m. ET]
De La Rionda got Good to admit that the officer on the scene may have used the term "ground and pound" the night of the shooting.
[Updated at 11:03 a.m. ET]
Good said he used the term "ground and pound" in his first statement to police, and in later statements and depositions, he "clarified" the term to give a better visual.
[Updated at 11 a.m. ET]
De La Rionda is making the point that Good did not hear any smacking noises that may have sounded like punches. He made several smacking noises with his hands to demonstrate his argument.
[Updated at 10:58 a.m. ET]
O'Mara has finished his questioning of Good, and now prosecutor De La Rionda is asking him questions.
[Updated at 10:55 a.m. ET]
O'Mara is reviewing his materials.
[Updated at 10:53 a.m. ET]
Good said that when he was on the phone with 911, he went upstairs and looked out a window and saw the body.
[Updated at 10:51 a.m. ET]
O'Mara is having Good explain a picture he drew of what he saw the night of the shooting. It is possible to make out on the drawing where he saw Martin, the black shirt, on top.
[Updated at 10:47 a.m. ET]
O'Mara is showing Good pictures of the clothing both people were wearing that night. Based on the colors Good saw that night, Martin may have been on top of Zimmerman at some point during the altercation.
[Updated at 10:43 a.m. ET]
O'Mara is reviewing his materials.
[Updated at 10:40 a.m. ET]
Good gave his first statement to police the night of the shooting, and he mentioned to police that he thought he saw a mixed martial arts "ground and pound." Good said yes, he did say those words that night.
[Updated at 10:37 a.m. ET]
"I couldn't see anyone when I first went out there," said Good.
[Updated at 10:35 a.m. ET]
Good said he did not see a gun during the altercation.
[Updated at 10:32 a.m. ET]
O'Mara asked Good again who he thought was screaming, and he reiterated that he thought it was the person on the bottom.
[Updated at 10:31 a.m. ET]
Good said he was inside his town home dialing 911 when he heard the gunshot.
[Updated at 10:28 a.m. ET]
O'Mara is playing the 911 call where screams can be heard on it for Good.
[Updated at 10:25 a.m. ET]
O'Mara asked Good if he saw Martin slamming Zimmerman's head on the ground. Good said he did not see Zimmerman's head hitting the concrete.
[Updated at 10:22 a.m. ET]
Good said he thought the person on the bottom was yelling for help.
[Updated at 10:20 a.m. ET]
O'Mara asked Good to define "ground and pound."
"It's usually when someone is on top in a mounted position I believe. In the dominant position, but like I said, the person on the bottom is able to throw punches back, but I did not see any of that," said Good.
[Updated at 10:17 a.m. ET]
O'Mara asked Good if the person on top was in a mixed martial arts stance. Good said at first he thought it was what he calls a "ground and pound."
[Updated at 10:14 a.m. ET]
O'Mara got down on the ground and demonstrated how the person on top looked to Good.
[Updated at 10:11 a.m. ET]
Good is explaining to O'Mara how the two individuals were on the ground wrestling on the ground about 15 to 20 feet away from his town home.
[Updated at 10:08 a.m. ET]
O'Mara is starting at the beginning, asking Good about the first noise her heard that night.
[Updated at 10:06 a.m. ET]
Good said he heard someone yell "help, help." De La Rionda has finished his questions for Good. O'Mara has asked for a couple of minutes to review his exhibits.
[Updated at 10:04 a.m. ET]
De La Rionda showed Good a map of the neighborhood to show the jurors where Good saw the two people wrestling on the ground.
[Updated at 10:01 a.m. ET]
Good said he heard the gunshot after he went back inside. He heard the gunshot as he was dialing 911.
[Updated at 9:59 a.m. ET]
De La Rionda is showing Good pictures of his neighborhood to help orient the jurors to his point of view the night of the shooting.
[Updated at 9:54 a.m. ET]
Good said when he walked out of his town home, he could not see the hands of the person on the bottom. Prosecutor Bernie De La Rionda is about to play Good's 911 call from that night.
"I just heard a shot right behind my house," said Good on the 911 call. "They are wrestling right in the back of my porch."
The operator asked, "You just heard one shot go off?"
"It was either that or a rock that hit the window," said Good.
[Updated at 9:50 a.m. ET]
At some point, Good told the people struggling on the ground to "cut it out."
[Updated at 9:49 a.m. ET]
Good said it was possible that the person on top may have been trying to hold the person on the bottom down.
[Updated at 9:47 a.m. ET]
"I think at that time is when I thought it was serious," said Good. "Because it looked like strikes were being thrown or punches being thrown. But as I clarified due to the lighting, it could've also been holding down. But there were arm movements going downward," he said.
[Updated at 9:44 a.m. ET]
Good said he only saw a "few" seconds of the altercation.
[Updated at 9:42 a.m. ET]
At some point, he could tell there were two people on the ground. He could only see the color of the clothing the men were wearing. He saw the men's position change.
[Updated at 9:39 a.m. ET]
"It looked like a tussle. I could really only see one person, and I think I described as possibly being some kind of dog attack, because there are a lot dogs that walk in that back area. I could only see an object," said Good.
[Updated at 9:37 a.m. ET]
Good's wife told him to not go outside, but he decided to out anyway.
[Updated at 9:35 a.m. ET]
A few moments later, Good heard the same noise, but it was louder. So he decided to go to the sliding glass door to look outside.
[Updated at 9:33 a.m. ET]
Good was watching TV with his wife when he heard a "faint" noise outside.
"I didn't think anything of it," he said.
[Updated at 9:31 a.m. ET]
The back of Good's town home faces the courtyard where the shooting took place.
[Updated at 9:29 a.m. ET]
John Good was a resident of the Retreat at Twin Lakes the night of the shooting.
[Updated at 9:28 a.m. ET]
McKinney has been excused, and prosecutors have now called John Good to the stand.
[Updated at 9:27 a.m. ET]
Prosecutor Mantei has finished his direct examination of McKinney. O'Mara is now cross-examining him about the video that was shot on the CCTV system. O'Mara wants to know why the timing mechanism malfunctioned on the CCTV system. McKinney said it happens, because the clocks "drift." The video time stamp's off by about 18 minutes, according to McKinney.
[Updated at 9:24 a.m. ET]
The next video Mantei played was taken from the interior of the east pool hall.
[Updated at 9:20 a.m. ET]
McKinney is explaining where all the CCTV cameras are installed in Zimmerman's neighborhood. The video about to be played is from the interior of the clubhouse the night of the shooting. The video showed something passing by the window.
[Updated at 9:18 a.m. ET]
Prosecutor Rich Mantei is about to play a video taken from the CCTV system at Zimmerman's neighborhood.
[Updated at 9:15 a.m. ET]
The attorneys are discussing something at the podium.
[Updated at 9:10 a.m. ET]
Prosecutors have called Greg McKinney as their next witness. McKinney works in the IT department for US Security Alliance, a company that works with closed-circuit camera systems. McKinney's company installed the CCTV system in Zimmerman's neighborhood. He said the cameras on the front gate of the Retreat at Twin Lakes were not working the night Martin was shot. The attorneys are now at a sidebar with the judge.
[Updated at 9:06 a.m. ET]
The jury is being seated.
[Updated at 9:01 a.m. ET]
The judge is on the bench, and the attorneys have joined her for a sidebar.
[Posted at 8:59 a.m. ET]
Zimmerman is in the courtroom, waiting for testimony to begin.
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